We live in a world filled with fluids, such as water (a liquid), steam (a vapour), air (a gas), and the myriad other fluids, both natural and manmade, that are necessary to sustain life in the modern era. The study of fluid mechanics focuses on the ways in which fluids move in response to external stressors. Students of mechanical engineering, as well as students of chemical engineering, aviation and aerospace engineering, and civil engineering, all place a significant emphasis on the study of this topic during their academic careers. This electronic textbook (Introduction to Engineering Fluid Mechanics by Marcel Escudier) is available in PDF format, and it contains numerous examples of practical applications of the theoretical ideas presented. Some of these examples include calculating the thrust of a jet engine, the shock- and expansion-wave patterns for supersonic flow over a diamond-shaped aerofoil, the power output of a gas turbine, and the forces created by liquid flow through a pipe bend and/or junction.
The first ten chapters of the book are organized in a manner that is appropriate for first-year college students. The second part of the book includes subject matter that is appropriate for fluid mechanics classes taken by senior-level college students. Despite the fact that familiarity with calculus is required, the primary focus of this book is the underlying physics. This book places a strong emphasis on the importance of dimensions and dimensional analysis. In addition, it contains significantly more information on the flow of non-Newtonian liquids than is typically found in a general book on fluid mechanics. This serves as a useful reminder that the vast majority of synthetic liquids have a non-Newtonian nature.
In the Words of the Author
The University of Liverpool's Department of Mechanical Engineering is now led by Emeritus Harrison Professor Marcel Escudier. After working as the Gruppenleiter für Stromungsmechanik at the Brown; Boveri Research Centre in Switzerland from 1974 to 1986, he joined Schlumberger Cambridge Research in the United Kingdom as the Head of the Fluid Mechanics Department. This position he held until 1986. His study on turbulent boundary layers, vortex collapse, flaming plumes, and the flow of non-Newtonian liquids has been the subject of approximately sixty research publications that he has published. In the year 2000, he received the honor of becoming a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering.