Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science


Download Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science written by Andrea Strazzoni in PDF format. This book is under the category Philosophy and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 3110567822; 3110568268; 3110569698; 3110568284/9783110567823/ 9783110568264/ 9783110569698/ 9783110568288. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.


How did the relations between science and philosophy evolve throughout the seventeenth and 18th centuries? Dutch Cartesianism and the Birth of Philosophy of Science (PDF) consider this topic by contemplating the historical past of Cartesianism in Dutch universities; and its legacy in the 18th century. It considers how the disciplines of metaphysics and logic turned practical to the justification and reflection on the conceptual premises and the approaches of pure philosophy; reworking their customary roles as the science of being and as the artwork of reasoning. This alteration befell as a consequence of two elements. First; metaphysics and logic (which included rational theology) had been used to grant indubitable information of pure philosophy. Second; the debates inner to Cartesianism; together with the emergence of various philosophical world-views (resembling these of Spinoza; Hobbes; the experimental science; and Newtonianism) progressively disadvantaged such disciplines of their foundational perform; and they started to turn into types of reflection over given scientific practices; both Cartesian; experimental or Newtonian.

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Additional information


Andrea Strazzoni


De Gruyter; 1st edition










3110567822; 3110568268; 3110569698; 3110568284


9783110567823/ 9783110568264/ 9783110569698/ 9783110568288

Table of contents

Table of contents :
Acknowledgments V
Introduction 1
1 The quest for a foundation in early modern philosophy:
A historical-historiographical overview 8
1.1 HPS, &HPS, HOPOS (and history of philosophy) 8
1.2 Descartes’s foundationalism: A historiographical appraisal 11
1.3 From foundation to philosophy of science: Leading problems 18
2 The ‘crisis’ of foundationalism: Regius and Descartes 23
2.1 Regius and the Utrecht Crisis (1641) 23
2.2 A medical standpoint on philosophy 26
2.3 Regius’s clash with Descartes 29
2.4 Medicine and the method of natural philosophy 34
2.5 The necessity of a foundation? 38
3 Cartesianism as the Philosophy of the School: Logic, metaphysics, and
rational theology 39
3.1 Critiques and replies 39
3.1.1 The critiques of Descartes 42
3.1.2 The co-ordinated strategy of defence of Cartesianism 45
3.2 Logic as introduction to Cartesian philosophy: Clauberg’s Defensio
cartesiana and Logica vetus et nova 51
3.3 Metaphysics and natural theology in the foundation of philosophy
and arts 55
3.4 The ‘re-duplication’ of metaphysics and the birth of ontology 64
4 Dutch Cartesianism in the 1650s and 1660s: Philosophy, theology, and
ethics 69
4.1 Cartesianism in Leiden in the 1650s: Physics without
metaphysics 69
4.2 Philosophy, theology, and ethics (and the separation thesis) 72
4.3 Cartesianism and rational ethics: Geulincx between Reformed
theology and Spinozism 76
4.3.1 The architectonic of philosophy 78
4.4 Geulincx’s threefold metaphysics: Autology, somatology, and
theology 83
4.4.1 An Aristotelian axiom 85
4.4.2 The body 88
4.4.3 The freedom of God 92
4.5 The foundation of experience and intellectual evidence 97
4.5.1 The hierarchy of knowledge 100
4.6 Physics de-metaphysicised 104
5 Foundationalism confronting radical Cartesianism around 1670 105
5.1 The ‘misuse’ and ‘corruption’ of Cartesianism 105
5.2 De Raey’s foundation of scientific knowledge: Logic as
metaphysics 112
5.2.1 The intersections of logic and metaphysics in early modern
philosophy 114
5.3 The developments of De Raey’s logic 119
5.3.1 A bifurcation in the academic curriculum 123
6 Bridging scientia and experience: the last evolution of Cartesian
foundationalism 126
6.1 Late Cartesianism in Leiden and Amsterdam 126
6.2 Burchard de Volder’s ‘Cartesian empiricism’ 127
6.2.1 From Descartes to De Volder: Iatrochemistry in Leiden 130
6.2.2 Experimental teaching in Leiden: De Volder and Senguerd 132
6.2.3 From Cartesianism to Newtonianism 135
6.3 The quest for principles: philosophy of science without
a foundation 142
6.4 The foundation of the principles of nature: A vindication of
Descartes’s metaphysics 148
6.5 Foundation and philosophy of science go separate ways: De Volder
and De Raey 157
6.6 Philosophy of language as philosophy of science: De Raey’s Cogitata
de interpretatione 159
6.6.1 A novelty in the philosophical reflections on language 159
6.6.2 The realm of sensibility 165
6.6.3 Intellectual ideas and modi considerandi 167
6.7 Dutch Cartesian philosophy at the turn of the century 169
7 The aftermath: The Cartesian heritage in ’s Gravesande’s foundation of
Newtonian physics 171
7.1 Leiden University in the early eighteenth century 171
7.2 The introduction of Newtonianism in Leiden by ’s
Gravesande 172
7.2.1 The didactic of Newton’s physics 175
7.3 Mathematics and experience in the discovery of natural laws 178
7.4 A first foundation: The survival axiom 181
7.5 Logic and metaphysics as the introduction to natural
philosophy 182
7.6 The theological foundation of moral evidence 187
7.7 ’s Gravesande’s Newtonian philosophy 194
8 Conclusion: From ancilla theologiae to philosophy of science:
a systematic assessment 198
Bibliography 204
Index 235

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