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Download Hughes Electrical and Electronic Technology (12th Edition) written by Edward Hughes in PDF format. This book is under the category Electronics and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 1292093048; 1292134593; 1292093080/9781292093048/ 9781292134598/ 9781292093086. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

## Description

All good engineers need to understand the fundamental principles of electrical and electronic technology. This best-selling textbook * Hughes Electrical and Electronic Technology 12th edition (PDF)* provides an accessible and clear introduction to the area; with balanced coverage of electronic; electrical; and power engineering.

**NOTE: This sale only includes Hughes Electrical and Electronic Technology 12e in PDF. No access codes included.**

## Additional information

book-author | Edward Hughes |
---|---|

publisher | Pearson Education; 12th edition |

file-type | |

pages | 1008 pages |

language | English |

isbn10 | 1292093048; 1292134593; 1292093080 |

isbn13 | 9781292093048/ 9781292134598/ 9781292093086 |

## Table of contents

Table of contents :

Cover

Title Page

Copyright Page

Short Contents

Contents

Prefaces

Section 1 Electrical Principles

1 International System of Measurement

1.1 The International System

1.2 SI derived units

1.3 Unit of turning moment or torque

1.4 Unit of work or energy

1.5 Unit of power

1.6 Efficiency

1.7 Temperature

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

2 Introduction to Electrical Systems

2.1 Electricity and the engineer

2.2 An electrical system

2.3 Electric charge

2.4 Movement of electrons

2.5 Current flow in a circuit

2.6 Electromotive force and potential difference

2.7 Electrical units

2.8 Ohm’s law

2.9 Resistors

2.10 Resistor coding

2.11 Conductors and insulators

2.12 The electric circuit in practice

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

3 Simple DC Circuits

3.1 Series circuits

3.2 Parallel networks

3.3 Series circuits versus parallel networks

3.4 Kirchhoff’s laws

3.5 Power and energy

3.6 Resistivity

3.7 Temperature coefficient of resistance

3.8 Temperature rise

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

4 Network Theorems

4.1 New circuit analysis techniques

4.2 Kirchhoff’s laws and network solution

4.3 Mesh analysis

4.4 Nodal analysis

4.5 Superposition theorem

4.6 Thévenin’s theorem

4.7 The constant-current generator

4.8 Norton’s theorem

4.9 Delta–star transformation

4.10 Star–delta transformation

4.11 II and T networks

4.12 Maximum power transfer

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

5 Capacitance and Capacitors

5.1 Capacitors

5.2 Hydraulic analogy

5.3 Charge and voltage

5.4 Capacitance

5.5 Capacitors in parallel

5.6 Capacitors in series

5.7 Distribution of voltage across capacitors in series

5.8 Capacitance and the capacitor

5.9 Electric fields

5.10 Electric field strength and electric flux density

5.11 Relative permittivity

5.12 Capacitance of a multi-plate capacitor

5.13 Composite-dielectric capacitors

5.14 Charging and discharging currents

5.15 Growth and decay

5.16 Analysis of growth and decay

5.17 Discharge of a capacitor through a resistor

5.18 Transients in CR networks

5.19 Energy stored in a charged capacitor

5.20 Force of attraction between oppositely charged plates

5.21 Dielectric strength

5.22 Leakage and conduction currents in capacitors

5.23 Displacement current in a dielectric

5.24 Types of capacitor and capacitance

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

6 Electromagnetism

6.1 Magnetic field

6.2 Direction of magnetic field

6.3 Characteristics of lines of magnetic flux

6.4 Magnetic field due to an electric current

6.5 Magnetic field of a solenoid

6.6 Force on a current-carrying conductor

6.7 Force determination

6.8 Electromagnetic induction

6.9 Direction of induced e.m.f.

6.10 Magnitude of the generated or induced e.m.f.

6.11 Magnitude of e.m.f. induced in a coil

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

7 Simple Magnetic Circuits

7.1 Introduction to magnetic circuits

7.2 Magnetomotive force and magnetic field strength

7.3 Permeability of free space or magnetic constant

7.4 Relative permeability

7.5 Reluctance

7.6 ‘Ohm’s law for a magnetic circuit’

7.7 Determination of the B/H characteristic

7.8 Comparison of electromagnetic and electrostatic terms

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

8 Inductance in a DC Circuit

8.1 Inductive and non-inductive circuits

8.2 Unit of inductance

8.3 Inductance in terms of flux-linkages per ampere

8.4 Factors determining the inductance of a coil

8.5 Ferromagnetic-cored inductor in a d.c. circuit

8.6 Growth in an inductive circuit

8.7 Analysis of growth

8.8 Analysis of decay

8.9 Transients in LR networks

8.10 Energy stored in an inductor

8.11 Mutual inductance

8.12 Coupling coefficient

8.13 Coils connected in series

8.14 Types of inductor and inductance

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

9 Alternating Voltage and Current

9.1 Alternating systems

9.2 Generation of an alternating e.m.f.

9.3 Waveform terms and definitions

9.4 Relationship between frequency, speed and number of pole pairs

9.5 Average and r.m.s. values of an alternating current

9.6 Average and r.m.s. values of sinusoidal currents and voltages

9.7 Average and r.m.s. values of non-sinusoidal currents and voltages

9.8 Representation of an alternating quantity by a phasor

9.9 Addition and subtraction of sinusoidal alternating quantities

9.10 Phasor diagrams drawn with r.m.s. values instead of maximum values

9.11 Alternating system frequencies in practice

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

10 Single-phase Series Circuits

10.1 Basic a.c. circuits

10.2 Alternating current in a resistive circuit

10.3 Alternating current in an inductive circuit

10.4 Current and voltage in an inductive circuit

10.5 Mechanical analogy of an inductive circuit

10.6 Resistance and inductance in series

10.7 Alternating current in a capacitive circuit

10.8 Current and voltage in a capacitive circuit

10.9 Analogies of a capacitance in an a.c. circuit

10.10 Resistance and capacitance in series

10.11 Alternating current in an RLC circuit

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

11 Single-phase Parallel Networks

11.1 Basic a.c. parallel circuits

11.2 Simple parallel circuits

11.3 Parallel impedance circuits

11.4 Polar impedances

11.5 Polar admittances

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

12 Complex Notation

12.1 The j operator

12.2 Addition and subtraction of phasors

12.3 Voltage, current and impedance

12.4 Admittance, conductance and susceptance

12.5 RL series circuit admittance

12.6 RC series circuit admittance

12.7 Parallel admittance

12.8 Calculation of power using complex notation

12.9 Power and voltamperes

12.10 Complex power

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

13 Power in AC Circuits

13.1 The impossible power

13.2 Power in a resistive circuit

13.3 Power in a purely inductive circuit

13.4 Power in a purely capacitive circuit

13.5 Power in a circuit with resistance and reactance

13.6 Power factor

13.7 Active and reactive currents

13.8 The practical importance of power factor

13.9 Power factor improvement or correction

13.10 Parallel loads

13.11 Measurement of power in a single-phase circuit

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

14 Resonance in AC Circuits

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Frequency variation in a series RLC circuit

14.3 The resonant frequency of a series RLC circuit

14.4 The current in a series RLC circuit

14.5 Voltages in a series RLC circuit

14.6 Quality factor Q

14.7 Oscillation of energy at resonance

14.8 Mechanical analogy of a resonant circuit

14.9 Series resonance using complex notation

14.10 Bandwidth

14.11 Selectivity

14.12 Parallel resonance

14.13 Current magnification

14.14 Parallel and series equivalents

14.15 The two-branch parallel resonant circuit

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

15 Network Theorems Applied to AC Networks

15.1 One stage further

15.2 Kirchhoff’s laws and network solution

15.3 Nodal analysis (Node Voltage method)

15.4 Superposition theorem

15.5 Thévenin’s theorem

15.6 Norton’s theorem

15.7 Star–delta transformation

15.8 Delta–star transformation

15.9 Maximum power transfer

Terms and concepts

Section 2 Electronic Engineering

16 Electronic Systems

16.1 Introduction to systems

16.2 Electronic systems

16.3 Basic amplifiers

16.4 Basic attenuators

16.5 Block diagrams

16.6 Layout of block diagrams

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

17 Passive Filters

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Types of filter

17.3 Frequency response

17.4 Logarithms

17.5 Log scales

17.6 The decibel (dB)

17.7 The low-pass or lag circuit

17.8 The high-pass or lead circuit

17.9 Passband (or bandpass) filter

17.10 Stopband (or bandstop) filters

17.11 Bode plots

17.12 2-port Networks

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

18 Amplifier Equivalent Networks

18.1 Amplifier constant-voltage equivalent networks

18.2 Amplifier constant-current equivalent networks

18.3 Logarithmic units

18.4 Frequency response

18.5 Feedback

18.6 Effect of feedback on input and output resistances

18.7 Effect of feedback on bandwidth

18.8 Distortion

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

19 Semiconductor Materials

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Atomic structure

19.3 Covalent bonds

19.4 An n-type semiconductor

19.5 A p-type semiconductor

19.6 Junction diode

19.7 Construction and static characteristics of a junction diode

Terms and concepts

20 Rectifiers and Amplifier Circuits

20.1 Rectifier circuits

20.2 Half-wave rectifier

20.3 Full-wave rectifier network

20.4 Bridge rectifier network

20.5 Smoothing

20.6 Zener diode

20.7 Bipolar junction transistor

20.8 Construction of bipolar transistor

20.9 Common-base and common-emitter circuits

20.10 Static characteristics for a common-base circuit

20.11 Static characteristics for a common-emitter circuit

20.12 Relationship between a and b

20.13 Load line for a transistor

20.14 Transistor as an amplifier

20.15 Circuit component selection

20.16 Equivalent circuits of a transistor

20.17 Hybrid parameters

20.18 Limitations to the bipolar junction transistor

20.19 Stabilizing voltages supplies

20.20 Transistor as a switch

20.21 Field effect transistor (FET)

20.22 JUGFET

20.23 IGFET

20.24 Static characteristics of a FET

20.25 Equivalent circuit of a FET

20.26 The FET as a switch

20.27 Cascaded amplifiers

20.28 Integrated circuits

20.29 Operational amplifiers

20.30 The inverting operational amplifier

20.31 The summing amplifier

20.32 The non-inverting amplifier

20.33 Differential amplifiers

20.34 Common-mode rejection ratio

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

21 Interfacing Digital and Analogue Systems

21.1 The need for conversion

21.2 Digital-to-analogue conversion

21.3 D/A converter hardware

21.4 D/A converters in practice

21.5 R/2R ladder D/A converter

21.6 Analogue-to-digital conversion

21.7 Simple comparator

21.8 A/D converters

21.9 Converters in action

Terms and concepts

22 Digital Numbers

22.1 Introduction

22.2 Binary numbers

22.3 Decimal to binary conversion

22.4 Binary addition

22.5 Binary subtraction

22.6 Binary multiplication

22.7 Binary division

22.8 Negative binary numbers

22.9 Signed binary addition

22.10 Signed binary subtraction

22.11 Signed binary multiplication

22.12 Signed binary division

22.13 The octal system

22.14 Hexadecimal numbers

Terms and concepts

23 Digital Systems

23.1 Introduction to logic

23.2 Basic logic statements or functions

23.3 The OR function

23.4 The AND function

23.5 The EXCLUSIVE-OR function

23.6 The NOT function

23.7 Logic gates

23.8 The NOR function

23.9 The NAND function

23.10 Logic networks

23.11 Combinational logic

23.12 Gate standardization

23.13 Karnaugh maps for simplifying combinational logic

23.14 Timing diagrams

23.15 Combinational and sequential logic circuits

23.16 Synchronous and asynchronous sequential circuits

23.17 Basic storage elements

23.18 Integrated circuit logic gates

23.19 Programmable logic and hardware description languages

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

24 Signals

24.1 Classification of signals

24.2 Representation of a signal by a continuum of impulses

24.3 Impulse response

24.4 Convolution sum for discrete-time systems

24.5 Convolution integral for continuous-time systems

24.6 Deconvolution

24.7 Relation between impulse response and unit step response

24.8 Step and impulse responses of discrete-time systems

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

25 Data Transmission and Signals

25.1 Transmission of information

25.2 Analogue signals

25.3 Digital signals

25.4 Bandwidth

25.5 Modulation

25.6 Filters

25.7 Demodulation

25.8 Amplifying signals

25.9 Digital or analogue?

Terms and concepts

26 Communications

26.1 Basic concepts

26.2 Information theory for source coding

26.3 Data communication systems

26.4 Coding for efficient transmission

26.5 Source coding

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

27 Fibreoptics

27.1 Introduction

27.2 Fibre loss

27.3 Refraction

27.4 Light acceptance

27.5 Attenuation

27.6 Bandwidth

27.7 Modulation

27.8 Optical fibre systems

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

Section 3 Power Engineering

28 Multiphase Systems

28.1 Disadvantages of the single-phase system

28.2 Generation of three-phase e.m.f.s

28.3 Delta connection of three-phase windings

28.4 Star connection of three-phase windings

28.5 Voltages and currents in a star-connected system

28.6 Voltages and currents in a delta-connected system

28.7 Power in a three-phase system with a balanced load

28.8 Measurement of active power in a three-phase, three-wire system

28.9 Power factor measurement by means of two wattmeters

28.10 Two-phase systems

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

29 Transformers

29.1 Introduction

29.2 Core factors

29.3 Principle of action of a transformer

29.4 EMF equation of a transformer

29.5 Phasor diagram for a transformer on no load

29.6 Phasor diagram for an ideal loaded transformer

29.7 Useful and leakage fluxes in a transformer

29.8 Leakage flux responsible for the inductive reactance of a transformer

29.9 Methods of reducing leakage flux

29.10 Equivalent circuit of a transformer

29.11 Phasor diagram for a transformer on load

29.12 Approximate equivalent circuit of a transformer

29.13 Simplification of the approximate equivalent circuit of a transformer

29.14 Voltage regulation of a transformer

29.15 Efficiency of a transformer

29.16 Condition for maximum efficiency of a transformer

29.17 Open-circuit and short-circuit tests on a transformer

29.18 Calculation of efficiency from the open-circuit and short-circuit tests

29.19 Calculation of the voltage regulation from the short-circuit test

29.20 Three-phase core-type transformers

29.21 Auto-transformers

29.22 Current transformers

29.23 Waveform of the magnetizing current of a transformer

29.24 Air-cored transformer

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

30 Introduction to Machine Theory

30.1 The role of the electrical machine

30.2 Conversion process in a machine

30.3 Methods of analysis of machine performance

30.4 Magnetic field energy

30.5 Simple analysis of force of alignment

30.6 Energy balance

30.7 Division of converted energy and power

30.8 Force of alignment between parallel magnetized surfaces

30.9 Rotary motion

30.10 Reluctance motor

30.11 Doubly excited rotating machines

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

31 AC Synchronous Machine Windings

31.1 General arrangement of synchronous machines

31.2 Types of rotor construction

31.3 Stator windings

31.4 Expression for the e.m.f. of a stator winding

31.5 Production of rotating magnetic flux by three-phase currents

31.6 Analysis of the resultant flux due to three-phase currents

31.7 Reversal of direction of rotation of the magnetic flux

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

32 Characteristics of AC Synchronous Machines

32.1 Armature reaction in a three-phase synchronous generator

32.2 Voltage regulation of a synchronous generator

32.3 Synchronous impedance

32.4 Parallel operation of synchronous generators

32.5 Three-phase synchronous motor: principle of action

32.6 Advantages and disadvantages of the synchronous motor

Terms and concepts

33 Induction Motors

33.1 Principle of action

33.2 Frequency of rotor e.m.f. and current

33.3 The equivalent circuit of the three-phase induction motor

33.4 Mechanical power and torque

33.5 The torque/speed curve and effect of rotor resistance

33.6 Experimental tests to obtain motor equivalent circuit parameters

33.7 Starting torque

33.8 Starting of a three-phase induction motor fitted with a cage rotor

33.9 Comparison of cage and slip-ring rotors

33.10 Braking

33.11 Single-phase induction motors

33.12 Capacitor-run induction motors

33.13 Split-phase motors

33.14 Shaded-pole motors

33.15 Variable speed operation of induction motors

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

34 Electrical Energy Systems

34.1 Energy units

34.2 Forms of energy

34.3 Energy conversion and quality of energy

34.4 Demand for electricity and the National Grid

34.5 Generating plant

34.6 Nuclear power

34.7 Renewable energy

34.8 Distributed/Embedded generation

34.9 Demand management

34.10 The cost of generating electricity

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

35 Power Systems

35.1 System representation

35.2 Power system analysis

35.3 Voltage-drop calculations

35.4 The medium-length line

35.5 The per-unit method

35.6 Per-unit impedance

35.7 Base power – SB or MV AB

35.8 Faults in a power system

35.9 Representation of a grid connection

35.10 Transmission Line effects

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

36 Direct-current Machines

36.1 General arrangement of a d.c. machine

36.2 Double-layer drum windings

36.3 Calculation of e.m.f. generated in an armature winding

36.4 Armature reaction

36.5 Armature reaction in a d.c. motor

36.6 Commutation

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

37 Direct-current Motors

37.1 Armature and field connections

37.2 A d.c. machine as generator or motor

37.3 Speed of a motor

37.4 Torque of an electric motor

37.5 Speed characteristics of electric motors

37.6 Torque characteristics of electric motors

37.7 Speed control of d.c. motors

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

38 Control System Motors

38.1 Review

38.2 Motors for regulators

38.3 RPC system requirements

38.4 Geneva cam

38.5 The stepping (or stepper) motor

38.6 The variable-reluctance motor

38.7 The hybrid stepping motor

38.8 Drive circuits

Terms and concepts

39 Motor Selection and Efficiency

39.1 Selecting a motor

39.2 Speed

39.3 Power rating and duty cycles

39.4 Load torques

39.5 The motor and its environment

39.6 Machine efficiency

39.7 Hysteresis

39.8 Current-ring theory of magnetism

39.9 Hysteresis loss

39.10 Losses in motors and generators

39.11 Efficiency of a d.c. motor

39.12 Approximate condition for maximum efficiency

39.13 Determination of efficiency

Terms and concepts

40 Power Electronics

40.1 Introductory

40.2 Thyristor

40.3 Some thyristor circuits

40.4 Limitations to thyristor operation

40.5 The thyristor in practice

40.6 The fully controlled a.c./d.c. converter

40.7 AC/DC inversion

40.8 Switching devices in inverters

40.9 Three-phase rectifier networks

40.10 The three-phase fully controlled converter

40.11 Inverter-fed induction motors

40.12 Soft-starting induction motors

40.13 DC to DC conversion switched-mode power supplies

Summary of important formulae

Terms and concepts

Section 4 Measurements, Sensing and Actuation

41 Control Systems, Sensors and Actuators

41.1 Introduction

41.2 Open-loop and closed-loop systems

41.3 Damping

41.4 Components of a control system

41.5 Transfer function

41.6 Regulators and servomechanisms

41.7 Types of control

41.8 Sensors

41.9 Actuators

Terms and concepts

42 Electronic Measuring Instruments and Devices

42.1 Introduction to analogue and electronic instruments

42.2 Digital electronic voltmeters

42.3 Digital electronic ammeters and wattmeters

42.4 Graphical display devices

42.5 The vacuum diode

42.6 The vacuum triode

42.7 Modern applications of vacuum-tube technology

42.8 Cathode-ray tube

42.9 Deflecting systems of a cathode-ray tube

42.10 Cathode-ray oscilloscope

42.11 Digital oscilloscope

42.12 Use of the oscilloscope in waveform measurement

42.13 Oscilloscope connection

Terms and concepts

Appendix: Symbols, Abbreviations, Deﬁnitions and Diagrammatic Symbols

Answers to Exercises

Index

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